Hormonal drugs

Hormonal drugs are various medicines that contain hormones. Hormones are endogenous substances that are not absorbed through the diet. For example, there are the sex hormones, the thyroid hormones, the pituitary hormones (pituitary), the pancreas hormones such as insulin or glucagon and the adrenal hormones, such as aldosterone.

The most commonly used hormonal drugs include sex hormones, either female sex hormones such as estrogen or progestogens, or male sex hormones such as testosterone or androgens.

Hormonal drugs are used to treat a variety of ailments or contraceptives or to minimize menopausal symptoms. Some patients abuse hormonal drugs, for example, to get more muscle mass or to achieve better performance in sports. Other patients use hormonal drugs to ovulate and thus have a chance of getting pregnant. Thus, there are many different hormonal drugs, all of which are used very differently and sometimes fulfill very different purposes.

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Hormonal drugs are various medicines that contain hormones. Hormones are endogenous substances that are not absorbed through the diet. For example, there are the sex hormones, the thyroid hormones, the pituitary hormones (pituitary), the pancreas hormones such as insulin or glucagon and the adrenal hormones, such as aldosterone.

The most commonly used hormonal drugs include sex hormones, either female sex hormones such as estrogen or progestogens, or male sex hormones such as testosterone or androgens.

Hormonal drugs are used to treat a variety of ailments or contraceptives or to minimize menopausal symptoms. Some patients abuse hormonal drugs, for example, to get more muscle mass or to achieve better performance in sports. Other patients use hormonal drugs to ovulate and thus have a chance of getting pregnant. Thus, there are many different hormonal drugs, all of which are used very differently and sometimes fulfill very different purposes.

Hormonal drugs for the woman

Contraception

There are three different hormonal drugs that are used in patients to prevent pregnancy in the long term.

On the one hand there is the normal contraceptive pill, as well as the micropillus and on the other there is the mini pill, both of which differ based on the hormones used. If a patient experiences unprotected intercourse and the patient still does not want to become pregnant, there is a hormonal drug, the pill thereafter, which can be taken shortly after sexual intercourse and thus prevents pregnancy.

Birth control pills

The pill or contraceptive pill is a hormonal drug, which patients prophylactically used if they do not want to have children despite intercourse. Correctly called the pill as an oral contraceptive since the pill is taken by mouth (oral) and prevents pregnancy. Although the contraceptive pill is not used to cure a disease, it is still a hormonal drug, in addition to the actual effect, namely contraception, may also have side effects, such as the risk of the formation of a blood clot (thrombus).

The contraceptive pill contains two different hormones, which is why it is also referred to as a hormonal drug. On the one hand, the pill contains the female sex hormone estrogen and on the other hand it contains a progestin called progesterone.

Through the pill, a patient has a constant constant hormone levels, which ovulation is suppressed (ovulation) and in addition the mucous membrane in the uterus (uterus) is not built up enough to allow an egg to implant. As a result, suppresses the pill as a hormonal drug ovulation and thus prevents pregnancy.
micro pill

The micropillus contains both hormones, although the hormone concentration is much lower than in the classic contraceptive pill. In terms of structure, however, both hormonal drugs are very similar and their safety is hardly different.
minipill

The mini-pill, however, contains only the hormone progestin and also prevents ovulation, which is why it is used as a hormonal drug to avoid pregnancy.

Treatment of PMS symptoms

Some women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) have such severe discomfort on the days prior to their period that they are unable to carry out their normal day-to-day activities. But there are several ways to deal with and treat typical symptoms such as pain, breast tenderness and mood swings.

For most women with PMS, the symptoms are not very severe and they find ways to cope – for example, to be calm and to avoid stress on the “days before the days”. There are many ways to deal with PMS complaints, such as

    • to move a lot and do sports,

 

    • Use relaxation techniques and meditate,

 

    • do not smoke,

 

    • take a little alcohol and caffeine,

 

    • eat low in salt.

 

The effect of most of these lifestyle changes has not been well studied scientifically. But that does not mean that they do not help. Any woman can try out if the changes will ease her discomfort. Watching and recording complaints and countermeasures over several monthly cycles helps to find out if the changes affect the PMS symptoms.

Which medications are suitable?

Various medications are used against PMS complaints. However, almost none of these agents are approved for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome. If a drug is used in a disease for which it has no approval, this is also referred to as “off-label use”. The doctor then has to educate about it, and you may have to pay the drug yourself.

Frequently, attempts are made to alleviate symptoms typical of PMS with hormonal agents that suppress the formation of certain endogenous hormones and intervene in the monthly cycle. Other treatments include antidepressants, dehydrating medications, analgesics or anxiolytics.

Hormonal contraceptives

The most common way to hormonally influence the menstrual cycle is to use hormonal contraceptives like the pill. For women who want to get pregnant, of course, they are out of the question.

Two studies provide faint evidence that a combination pill of the progestin drospirenone and low-dose estrogen may help with PMS. The comparison between treated and untreated study participants showed that the women taking this hormone combination had fewer complaints, coped better in everyday life, and were more socially active and satisfied with their partnerships. The participants also reported side effects of the pill, such as nausea, bleeding and chest pain.

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