The health benefits of exercise
Physical activity is an important building block for a healthy life, because: physical activity affects the whole body. Only with sufficient activity, the normal function of most vital organs is maintained, the balance of energy remains in balance and the body weight in the normal range. Only in this way can we maintain or improve our physical performance.
Exercise promotes good health
Energy expenditure has a central impact on the health and fitness of the whole body because it affects most other known risk factors, e.g. body fat percentage (abdominal girth), bone density, insulin sensitivity, blood lipids, and blood pressure. Power and endurance, on the other hand, are basic requirements for physical performance.
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From around the age of 35, the body’s capacity to lose weight due to natural aging processes begins to decrease. With increasing age, therefore, increases the risk of health problems. Physical inactivity causes or promotes these degradation processes. Adequate exercise and targeted training help to reduce the risk factors for illnesses and to grow older in a healthy way.
Note Certain effects of movement may occur after a short time, e.g. Improve muscle strength and fat metabolism in about four to six weeks after the start of training. However, in order to reduce the risk of ill health and to live in health for as long as possible, exercise must be carried out regularly, on the right scale and for life.
Therapy and Rehabilitation: This is how exercise works
Exercise can help cure many ailments or relieve discomfort when targeted, similar to a drug. The prerequisite for the targeted application is the knowledge of which physical effects can be triggered by movement and why. In other words: which movement dose causes which reaction in the body?
Thus, various training measures, e.g. The training of motor skills such as stamina, strength, flexibility or coordination have different effects on the body. Also, the severity of the disease of a patient or his / her physical fitness influence the success of a movement. These factors are taken into account in a medical prescription to specifically target exercise in therapy and rehabilitation, e.g. Exercise therapy to be able to use.
Sport: Important for the health
Time and again you hear and read it: Regular exercise is important for your health. But is that true? And if so, what effects does regular exercise have on our body? We will tell you whether sport is healthy or unhealthy and what impact sports training has on our cardiovascular system, our muscles, our bones and our metabolism.
Why is sport important?
Almost every second German nowadays does little or no sport anymore. Why there is no time for a regular sports program, there are many reasons: The professional life is often stressful and the rest of leisure is used for family rather than for family, friends or other hobbies.
Sport is essential to a healthy lifestyle. And sport is not a small walk around the block or the way to the next supermarket meant: At least 30 minutes you should at least moderately strain – ideally three to four times a week.
Sports: healthy or unhealthy?
Sport is healthy and it is healthy – at least if it is done properly. Because regular sports training
- strengthens, among other things, the immune system
- keeps the cardiovascular system fit and healthy
- can prevent a variety of diseases.
But who exaggerates the physical stress, for the sport can be unhealthy. The result of excessive stress can be sore muscles, but also sports injuries such as meniscal damage, cruciate ligament tears or ligament strains. Sport is also unhealthy if the body does not get enough time to regenerate after a workout.
In order for sport to be healthy and not unhealthy, you should have your doctor check you in thoroughly after a long break before you start exercising again. He can check how good your health is and which sports are suitable for you and which are not. He can also work out a sensible training plan with you in the case of existing illnesses.
Sport is healthy for the heart
Regular endurance training strengthens the heart muscles – the heart can thus work more economically. Thanks to the strengthened muscles, the heart can pump more blood into the body with each stroke and thus has less chance of beating. As a result, the heart is spared and the heart muscle can be better perfused in the intervals between two strokes.
Regular movement also keeps the blood vessels elastic, reducing resistance in the blood vessels and reducing the risk of high blood pressure. In case of already existing hypertension, sports training can help to lower the increased values again. Here, however, you should create a suitable training plan together with your doctor.
In addition to the cardiovascular system, sports training also has a positive effect on the cholesterol level: while the “bad” LDL cholesterol is reduced by sport, the “good” HDL cholesterol is increased. As a result, atherosclerosis and thus also secondary diseases such as a stroke or a heart attack can be prevented.